Dr. Hendrik Delport

Orthopedisch Chirurg, Medico-Legale Expertisen

Golf ellbow


Pain and tenderness on outer side of left elbow (tennis elbow) and inner side of right elbow (golfer's elbow). Pain may be greatest at the top of the backswing and at impact.


Among the possible treatments are: Rest, medication, therapy, counterforce bracing, cortisone, surgery


• Consider switching to graphite shafts and low compression balls to decrease elbow strain at impact
• Practice on real turf instead of rubber mats when possible
• Ease up on grip pressure and loosen up on the elbows during the swing
• Bring the club back slowly during the backswing
• Maintain a smooth transition from the backswing to the downswing

• Move the ball to a safe spot to avoid contact with rocks, tree roots, sprinklers, etc.
• Consider adopting a more elliptical swing to sweep the ball off the turf and minimize divottaking
• Tee-up the ball on fairway shots, if necessary


• Release the hands prematurely at the top of the backswing (casting maneuver)
• Decelerate the club before impact


Most golfers will suffer an injury - 60-percent of us a major injury - related to golf at some point in our lives. Foster also shows how a poor golf swing makes those injuries more likely.

Golf and tennis both employ the swinging of an object to strike a ball. Because both of these sports require repetition of that swing, damage to joints, tendons, and muscles can occur over a period of time. You may have heard of tennis elbow, but golfers can suffer from a similar condition, aptly named golfer's elbow. The difference lies in the area of inflammation. Interestingly enough, tennis players can also develop golf elbow, depending on how they hold and swing their racket.

Read more: http://www.livestrong.com/article/207050-difference-between-tennis-elbow-golfers-elbow/#ixzz21FHyxYkT

The elbow, although typically seen as one joint, actually has three separate joints that make up its structure. The humerus is the name of the upper arm bone, while the radius and the ulna are the two smaller bones that make up the lower arm. If you hold out your arm with the palm facing down, the radius is located on the inside, or medial side, of the arm; logically if you turn your hand over, the radius is now located on the outside, or lateral side, of the forearm. This twisting motion is made possible by muscles and tendons of the wrist and hand that connect to the radius and ulna, states faqs.org.

Read more: http://www.livestrong.com/article/207050-difference-between-tennis-elbow-golfers-elbow/#ixzz21FIIzgPX

Epicondylitis is the scientific term for inflammation of the elbow. The elbow has two epicondyles, or rounded projections of bone; the epicondyle on the inside of the arm, known as the medial epicondyle, while the outside projection is the lateral epicondyle. Both tennis and golf elbow are forms of epicondylitis, lateral and medial, respectively

Read more: http://www.livestrong.com/article/207050-difference-between-tennis-elbow-golfers-elbow/#ixzz21FIOi4PR

Tennis Elbow

Tennis elbow, or lateral epicondylitis, is an inflammation of the outside musculature of the elbow and forearm areas, states the University of Maryland Medical Center (UMMC). According to an article titled "Golf and Tennis Elbow," published in May 2004 in Sports Medicine and Rehabilitation Therapy, tennis elbow also involves the extensor muscles of the wrist. These muscles can be found by placing your hand on the outside of your forearm near the elbow and extending your fingertips up. With repeated use of your forehand and backhand, those muscles are often overworked, becoming inflamed. If you put spin on the ball, you are working those muscles even harder.

Golfer's Elbow

Medial epicondylitis is an irritation on the inner side of the arm and elbow. According to the article "Golf and Tennis Elbow," the main muscle group involved is the wrist flexor group. Turning your palm upward, place your hand on the medial side of your elbow. When you make a fist and pull your fingers towards your elbow, you should see and feel the muscles used for that motion. The way you grip a golf club and proceed to flick your wrist works this muscle group. Repetition, excessive force, as well as poor technique can lead to golf elbow. However, if you grip your tennis racket too tightly or exert excessive topspin, you can aggravate this part of the arm as well, states the Mayo Clinic.

Other Causes of Golf and Tennis Elbow

You do not have to participate in golf or tennis to suffer from their respective elbow injuries. Pitching in baseball or softball, improper weightlifting techniques, or even raking leaves and chopping wood repetitively can lead to golfer's elbow says the Mayo Clinic. The website also states that plumbing, painting, or forcefully using a screwdriver can cause lateral epicondylitis. With that in mind, you may have an excuse to get out of some of the chores on your "to do" list.

Read more: http://www.livestrong.com/article/207050-difference-between-tennis-elbow-golfers-elbow/#ixzz21FIiFbfP

Sources of golf-induced tennis elbow include overuse, poor technique and tight muscles. An April 2003 article published in the Journal of the American Chiropractic Association, authored by Dan Kurth states, "Overuse is the most common cause of elbow and hand syndromes." The fun and camaraderie of golf makes being overzealous easy, but like all other sports, the training must be tailored to your individual level. A professional golf instructor can help you manage a practice and playing routine and correct imperfections in your swing to lessen the risk of injury. Performing a proper warm-up and cool-down will increase muscles flexibility and lessen muscle tension thus decreasing the possibility of elbow pain.

Off the Course

Off-the-course training lessens the chance of golf-related injuries. Employ a full-body stretching program which emphasizes the upper extremities to increase shoulder and arm flexibility. You will receive the greatest benefit by holding a slight static stretch for 30 to 60 seconds. Three excellent hand and forearm strengthening exercises are squeezing a grip ball, closing the palm against resistance and opening the palm of your hand against resistance. You golf game can benefit a great deal by performing various exercise types including kettlebells, yoga, GYROTONIC, weight training and cardiovascular workouts.